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Ancient City of Patara

Places To Visit

Ancient City of Patara

Location : Antalya

Said to have been founded by Patarus (a son of Apollo), the ancient city of Patara was prosperous maritime and commercial city located near the modern small town of Gelemiş (Antalya province).The city surrendered to Alexander the Great in 333 BC. During the Wars of the Diadochi; it came under the eventual rule of the Ptolemies, who later on expanded the city. Later on the city was occupied by the Rhodians, and as a Roman ally, was granted its freedom along with the rest of Lycia. Eventually the city was formally was annexed by the Roman Empire in 43 AD and attached to Pamphylia. St. Nicholas of Myra was born at Patara around March 15, 270 AD. From here, the city still maintained some significant importance during the era of the Byzantine Empire as way-point for traders and pilgrims. After the city was taken by the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum in 1211 AD, the city began to decline and appears to have been completely deserted by 1340 AD. Nowadays; the ancient city of Patara is a relatively well known and famous tourist destination, being home to one of the oldest known lighthouses in the world: the Patara Lighthouse (built around 60 AD).Apart from its ancient ruins, Patara is also famous for the 18 kilometres-long Patara Beach, which is situated on the Turkish Riviera.