Rumored to have first formed during the Trojan War era, Xanthos is a ancient city located at present-day Kınık (Antalya Province). Xanthos is mentioned by numerous ancient Greek and Roman writers, with Strabo even noting that ''it was the largest city in Lycia''. Circa 540 BC, the city was conquered by Harpagus in the name of the Persian Empire. Based on archaeological evidence; its clear that the city suffered significant damage during the Greco-Persian Wars (approximately 475-470 BC) , but was eventually rebuilt. Eventually the city was taken by Alexander the Great, only to be contested among his rival heirs after his death. The city ultimately was devastated circa 42 BC by Brutus during the Roman Civil Wars, with most of its population being killed. Home to archaeological efforts since the early 19th century, many important artifacts such as the Nereid Monument and the Tomb of Payava (both are now at the British Museum) as well as the Harpy Tomb (which is still located on the outskirts of the city) were uncovered. Among other remaining artifacts, one can still see the reknowned Xanthian Obelisk and the Letoon Trilingual along with the rest of the city.